Tags: geocoding toronto

Toronto Geocoding - MTM to WSG84

As someone without a degree in applied geography and without an understanding of different coordinate reference systems, I had a hard time figuring out how to convert Toronto address data to something I understand like latitude and longitude.

The data that’s given by the Open Data team at the City of Toronto is in the coordinate system MTM NAD 27(3 degree) which lists coordinates in Easting and Northing of a specific point.

Screenshot of watermain_breaks

This isn’t very useful when you want to see locations on google maps which uses the Longitude and Latitude coordinate system (formally called WGS84).

To convert form Easting/Northing (MTM NAD 27) to Long/Lat (WGS84) we can use a python package called proj.

The proj package uses conversions between different coordinate systems using the EPSG database of coordinate systems. Each coordinate system has it’s own designated number. To find the ESPG numbers for MTM NAD 27 and WGS84 I just googled for them (e.g googled EPSG WGS84 )

The numbers for each are

MTM NAD 27 -> EPSG:2019
WGS84      -> EPSG:4326

First, you will need to install pip and then install pyproj

pip install pyproj

Once installed, this simple script will convert coordinates to Long/Lat for you.

from pyproj import Proj, transform

## spatial reference system ##
# from MTM NAD 27
inProj = Proj(init='epsg:2019')
# to WGS84
outProj = Proj(init='epsg:4326')

x1,y1 = 319556.408,4840591.946
x2,y2 = transform(inProj,outProj,x1,y1)

[OUT]> -79.3169043897595 43.707075474849695

Hope it helped you! ^__^